This large and beautiful ancient Egyptian jasper scarab dates to the Ramesside era (19th-20th Dynasties, 1292-1077 BC). Jasper is a type of chalcedony, and was considered to be quite valuable in antiquity. The delicate red accents on the beetle’s carapace are due to iron inclusions in the stone. It is set in 18K gold to protect it.
The necklace contains 10 carats of square brown/green natural diamond beads strung with 22K handmade gold tube beads. The diamond beads were selected for their colors, which match the subtle hues of the scarab.
Diamonds were unknown in jewelry in the ancient world since the technology did not exist to work with them. Diamonds are the hardest of precious stones, and diamond cutting did not arise until 1300 A.D. in Europe and India. The word “diamond” comes from the Greek word adamas, which means “unconquerable”–you cannot cut it or polish it with any other material except another diamond.